How to survive nuclear attack

Vladimir Putin insisted he’s “not bluffing” when it comes to threatening the Western world with using nuclear weapons.

Russia is expected to soon carry out large-scale drills of its nuclear forces in a warning to the United States and its allies.

Putin typically holds major annual nuclear exercises around this time of year, and US officials expect them perhaps in just days.

Moscow’s nuclear rhetoric has intensified following a successful counter-offensive by Ukraine’s military over the past month.

In recent weeks Putin has proclaimed the annexation of Ukrainian territories and threatened to defend Russian land with nuclear weapons.

nuclear blast
Not many people survive the initial nuclear blast (stock)

Nukes have only been used twice in warfare during in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 but the death toll was terrifying with up to 226,000 people – mostly civilians – suffering a gruesome death.

Although nukes are largely considered a deterrent, about 13,400 remain in our world today and there have been over 2,000 nuclear tests conducted to date.

Nine countries are said to possess nuclear weapons; Russia, the US, China, France, UK, Pakistan, India, Israel and North Korea.

During an explosion, those unfortunate enough to be within 7km of the blast site would be instantly vaporised and any life within 60km will risk suffering the deadly effects of radiation poisoning.

Russian President Vladimir Putin insists he is "not bluffing" when it comes to nukes
Russian President Vladimir Putin insists he is “not bluffing” when it comes to nukes

There are two types of nuclear weapons; Fission (A-bombs) are the most basic type of nuclear weapon as used by the Americans on Japan. Security experts think these are the most likely type of bomb to be used by terrorists.

Fusion (H-Bombs), such weapons are usually many hundreds of times more powerful than the bombs that destroyed Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The bulk of the US and Russian strategic arsenal are these types of bombs.

Experts at wikiHow put together a guide on how to best improve your chances of surviving a nuclear blast.

They say the priorities should be;

  • Preparing for a nuclear attack by stocking up on non-perishable food, water, and first aid supplies, if possible.
  • Seeking shelter indoors immediately. Ideally, go down into the basement, or move to a centrally located room in the house. Stay away from windows.
  • Staying calm and plan to shelter in place for at least 48 hours. Ration the clean water and any available food on hand.
  • Waiting for an announcement from your local or federal government to instruct you on what to do next.

Make a plan: If a nuclear attack does happen, it won’t be safe to venture outside for food — you should stay sheltered for at least 48 hours, preferably longer. Having food and medical supplies on-hand can put your mind at-ease, and allow you to focus on other aspects of survival.

Stock up on non-perishable food: Non-perishables can last several years, whether it’s in storage or in sustaining you after an attack. Choose items that contain a lot of carbohydrates, so you get more caloric bang for your buck, and store them in a cool, dry place.

Store water: Consider keeping a water supply in food-grade plastic containers. Clean the containers with a bleach solution, then fill them with filtered and distilled water.

The trip was the first time Josh had been camping
You may need to put your survival skills to the test

Get communication supplies: Being able to stay informed, as well as alerting others to your position, can be vitally valuable. Here’s what you might need: A radio: A whistle: Your cell phone: Cell service may or may not be maintained, but you’ll want to be ready if it is. If you can, find a solar charger for your model.

Stock up on medical supplies: Having a few medical items available could be the difference between life and death if you’re injured in the attack.

Get other miscellaneous items: Having access to a torch and batteries, dust masks, plastic sheeting and duct tape, rubbish bags, plastic ties and wet wipes and a wrench and pliers to shut off utilities may be essential.

Keep an eye on the news :A nuclear attack will unlikely come out of the blue from an enemy nation. Such an attack would likely be preceded by a deteriorating political situation.

the launch of Iskander cruise missile.
Nuclear warfare would have “devastating results”

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the US say: “It would have devastating results and there would be limited time to take critical protection steps.”

They add that planning and preparation beforehand can decrease the chances of death and disease.

Firefighters work on a fire on a building after bombings on the eastern Ukraine town of Chuguiv
Firefighters work on a fire on a building after bombings on the eastern Ukraine town of Chuguiv

The organisation also said that the first few hours after the blast are usually the most critical.

They explained: “For instance, most people don’t realise that sheltering in a place for at least 24 hours is crucial to saving lives and reducing exposure to radiation.”

Vladimir Putin
Putin has warned he is not bluffing over launching nuclear weapons

Other tips provided by the CDC include remaining face down on the ground straight after the blast, protecting yourself with a face mask and staying inside until told otherwise.

The Centre also advises that people find shelter underground and limit ventilation to prevent radioactive residue brought by the wind.

Published by Ernest I.

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