Cardiopulmonary resucitation (CPR) is a technique used to treat someone when they stop breathing or their heart suddenly stops beating. In this article, we will examine when and how to perform a CPR.
Generally, CPR is used promptly to prolong the survival chance of someone who is unconscious, unable to respond to stimuli,and appears to be asleep. They may even stop breathing or their pulse may become faint. CPR should be performed immediately before medical help arrives.
An article by Healthline lists the step-by-step guide on how to provide first-aid to an unconcious victim as follows:
1. If they’re not breathing, begin a CPR immediately
2. If they’re breathing, take steps to get them into the recovery position
3. Check their airway to make sure there’s no obstruction.
4. Check for any site of bleeding and apply pressure, or wrap with a neat cloth to control it
5. Keep an eye on their condition, and remain with them until medical help arrives.
How to perform a CPR
1. Lay the person on their back on a firm surface.
2. Kneel next to their neck and shoulders.
3. If they’re an adult:
a) Place the heel of your hand over the center of their chest.
b) Put your other hand directly over the first one and interlace your fingers.
c) Make sure that your elbows are straight and move your shoulders up above your hands.
4. If they’re a child , only place one of your hands over the center of their chest.
5. If they’re an infant , only place two fingers over the center of their chest, a little below their nipple line.
6. Using your upper body weight, push straight down on their chest at least 1.5 inches for infants and 2 inches for everyone else. Then release the pressure.
7. Repeat this procedure again for 100 to 120 times per minute. This is very possible if you’re determined.
8. Continue until help arrives or there are signs of movement.
9. Once you see an sign of movement even before help arrives, you can place them on their side.