The kidneys are vital organs of the body with multiple functions. However, a number of factors can cause problems that affect the whole body. Many kidney and renal diseases are asymptomatic, which makes early diagnosis difficult. It is therefore very important to know the early symptoms of kidney infections or diseases.
Some symptoms of kidney disease, according to the Mayo Clinic:
When the kidneys are damaged or stop working properly, it is very difficult for the body to filter the blood. As a result, excess fluid cannot be drained and builds up in the body, causing swelling and oedema. This swelling can appear anywhere, including the ankles, feet, hands, and sometimes the face.
When the kidneys do not function properly, toxins and waste products build up. This can lead to persistent fatigue. However, fatigue can be caused by other factors related to kidney dysfunction.
Itching with dry skin may be a sign of developing kidney disease. When the kidneys fail to do their job, toxins build up in the body, causing itching and tingling sensations all over the body. The itching is due to the presence of high amounts of phosphorus in the blood that the kidneys cannot filter out. The phosphorus then enters the body and combines with calcium to form crystals that cause the itching.
One of the most common symptoms of kidney disease is pain in the lower abdomen and back. This usually indicates a kidney stone problem, kidney infection, or kidney failure.
Blood in the urine
Healthy kidneys normally produce normal urine by filtering waste products from the blood and retaining blood cells in the body. However, when the kidneys are not in good condition, these blood cells are likely to leak into the urine. Blood in the urine not only indicates kidney disease, but can also be a sign of tumours, infections, or kidney stones.
When the kidneys do not function properly, toxins remain stored in the blood instead of being eliminated from the body in the form of urine. This can lead to sleep difficulties. There is a significant link between obesity, chronic kidney disease, and insomnia.