5 Things that can make your testicles shrink and food to avoid.


The testicles are the two male reproductive glands housed inside the scrotum, a sac-like skin that hangs from the body between the legs. Apart from serving as the housing unit of the testicles, the scrotum’s other role is to regulate the temperature around the testicles and it does this by shrinking when it is cold and relaxing when the temperature is warm.

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When your scrotum performs this role, it may make you feel like your testicles are sometimes bigger and smaller than usual at some other times. However, the testicles may shrink instead of the scrotum and this is known as testicular atrophy, which is the shrinkage of the actual testicles and not the scrotum. Shrunken testicles could be due to various things including an injury, underlying health condition, or exposure to certain chemicals.

Shrinkage in one or both testicles is often the main symptom in testicular atrophy but other symptoms may be present depending on your age. For people who haven’t reached puberty age, other symptoms that may accompany it include not having facial or pubic hair and larger penis size. For people that have undergone puberty, the symptoms may include softer testicles, decreased sex drive, infertility, reduced muscle mass, etc.

Photo credit: Pinterest.

Five (5) things that may make one or both of your testicles are examined below:

1. Orchitis

This is inflammation of the testicles and it can be viral orchitis caused by the mumps virus, or bacteria orchitis caused by sexually transmitted infection such as gonorrhoea or chlamydia. Its two main symptoms are pain and swelling in the testicles, but the swelling which makes the testicles larger can eventually make the testicles shrink.

2. Age

Men often undergo a process called andropause, a process that is similar to the menopause undergone by women. It leads to low testosterone levels and shrinkage in testicles.

3. Varicoceles

A varicose vein is usually located around the legs but a varicocele which is similar to a varicose vein may be located near the testicles and may affect the left testicles and cause damage to the tubes that help to produce sperm within the testicles and make the affected testicle smaller.

4. Testicular torsion

This refers to a condition in which one of the testicles rotates and twists the spermatic cord, leading to a reduced blood flow, which can cause swelling and pain in your testicles. Testicular torsion, If not treated within a few hours, can cause permanent testicular atrophy.

5. Alcohol use disorder

Abuse or excessive intake of alcohol can also lead to low testosterone and damage of testicular tissue, two unhealthy situations that can make one or both of your testicles shrink.

For the sake of both your testicular and general reproductive health, it is recommended that you be on the watch out for certain foods that may hamper your reproductive health. A few of the foods are listed below:

1. Bread

2. Pastries

3. Trans fats

4. Alcohol

5. Soy products

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Published by Ernest I.

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